Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! Brooklyn was an independent city until its consolidation with New York City in 1898, and continues to maintain a distinct culture, independent art scene, and unique architectural heritage.
The Village of Breuckelen, named for Breukelen in the province of Utrecht in the Netherlands, was authorized by the Dutch West India Company in 1646; it became the first true municipality in what is now New York State.
At the time, Breuckelen was part of New Netherland.
Other villages which were later incorporated into Brooklyn were Boswijk (Bushwick), Nieuw Utrecht (New Utrecht), and Nieuw Amersfoort (Flatlands).
A few houses and cemeteries still bear witness to the Dutch origins of the borough of Brooklyn.
In 1883, the Brooklyn Bridge was completed, and transportation to Manhattan no longer required a boat trip.
Brooklyn now prepared to engage in the still-grander consolidation process developing throughout the region.
The Dutch lost Breuckelen in the British conquest of New Netherland in 1664.
In 1683, the British reorganized the Province of New York into twelve counties, each of which was sub-divided into towns.
Since 1990 the Borough President has acted as an advocate for the borough at the mayoral agencies, the City Council, the New York state government, and corporations.
Brooklyn's Borough President is Marty Markowitz, elected as a Democrat in 2001 and re-elected in 2005.
More American prisoners died in these prison-ships than the sum of all the American battle casualties of the Revolutionary War.